Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Marfrig uses four points of reference to base it GHG emissions management practices:
- Policy on Climate Change and Natural Resources, the document that establishes operational levels for industrial, commercial and service activities in favor of a low carbon economy.
- Annual inventories conducted since 2010, published in the system provided by the CDP. The survey carried out by Marfrig covers Scopes 1, 2 and 3, including, for example, information regarding enteric fermentation of animals and waste management. Inventory is being updated to cover other emissions sources in Scope 3. To ensure the commitment to reporting emissions and monitoring the targets that will be presented in the 2020 cycle of the CDP, Marfrig intends to hire a third-party audit for the inventory to be published as of this date.
This greater scope for GHG inventories is the result of improvements in the emissions management process, making it possible to take other emissions factors in the calculation into account, such as the logistics of finished products.
Marfrig also seeks to reduce emissions related to cattle purchases. An example is an unprecedented partnership signed with the Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (Embrapa) in 2018, to foster the adoption of more sustainable livestock raising practices. It covers the Carbon Neutral Meat (CCN) and Low Carbon Meat (CBC) production concepts developed by Embrapa for the certification of meat produced in systems that neutralize or reduce animal methane emissions. The company also encourages suppliers to ensure good management of agricultural processes related to Grazing Management, Animal Feeding and Waste Management through the Marfrig Club.
Marfrig uses a specific platform to collect and monitor data on a monthly basis. In calculating GHG emissions, the "GHG Protocol: A Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard" methodology and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (2006) are used. For Brazil, the calculations are developed based on the GHG methodology - Brazilian Protocol. Emissions factors generally consider the 2006 IPCC guidelines and country-specific issues where possible.
- Targets. In 2013, the company proposed to reduce emissions 15% by 2020 (based on 2012 figures). Continuous improvements in the efficiency of its processes allowed the company to meet this objective by 2018, two years ahead of schedule. Marfrig is now working on a new target plan, with 2019 as the base year. The ongoing plan monitors global trends in carbon taxation for both the products it exports and the electricity it consumes, and uses the Science Based Targets (SBT) methodologies. The targets will be announced in the reporting cycle for CDP Climate Change 2020.
- Scenario assessment. The company conducted its first assessment of climate scenarios in 2019, with the year 2040 as the horizon. Based on the results, an Action Plan is being prepared. In this project, the forecasts took into account IPCC Representative Concentration Pathway scenarios. In the future, the company expects to assess quantitative scenarios with longer horizons, in line with the Paris Agreement. This evolution also assists the company in developing goals from the Science Based Targets (SBTs) methodology and carbon pricing. Climate change is a topic of particular importance for livestock raising. It influences animal husbandry processes, as it demands the creation of breeds more resistant to high temperatures, as well as management techniques that promote better thermal comfort within the properties, including recommendations for areas offering shade and the maintenance of green areas with trees, to which the animals have access.